23-11-2023

Approval by the Seimas: ratification of the bilateral treaties enabling cooperation with the UAE in criminal matters

The Seimas approved the draft laws prepared by the Ministry of Justice for the ratification of the treaties between Lithuania and the United Arab Emirates on extradition, on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters and on the transfer of sentenced persons. This initiative creates legal possibilities for smoother and more expeditious cooperation between the countries in the field of extradition and mutual assistance, as well as opens an opportunity for citizens of both countries sentenced by a custodial sentence to serve their sentences in their own country.

The Treaty on Extradition provides for the surrender of suspected, accused or sentenced persons under the conditions and in accordance with the procedure set out in the Treaty.

The Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters provides the legal basis for the Contracting States to provide each other with mutual assistance in respect of investigation, prosecution and proceedings related to criminal matters. 

The Treaty on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons provides for the possibility for sentenced persons to serve a custodial sentence in the State of their origin, and sets out the conditions and procedure for the transfer of sentenced persons.

Unlike Lithuania, the United Arab Emirates have not acceded to the widely applicable Council of Europe conventions on these issues (1957 European Convention on Extradition, 1959 European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, 1983 European Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons). Consequently, in the absence of bilateral treaties, legal cooperation in criminal matters with this country has been limited. 

Lithuania's negotiations with the United Arab Emirates lasted several years. 

The application of these treaties will start upon ratification by both States.